Employment may be terminated in two cases:
- By one’s own initiative. In this case, an employee must stay at work not less than 2 weeks, or 10 working days, so that the employer could find her substitute. When the parties agree to do so, termination of employment may be performed earlier.
- By the employer’s initiative.
There are reasons unrelated to a specific employee, such as staffing reduction, reorganization, closing down of a business. When this is the case, the employer must pay a regular fee to the employee, the size and the period of which are determined by the Labor Code. There are also reasons related to a specific employee. Here, the employer must provide legal reasons for termination of employment. These reasons maybe unauthorized absence, labor misconduct, appearance at work while intoxicated, bad performance, and many other reasons. All of these reasons must have a legal base, documented, and the employee has to provide an explanatory report.